Bayezid II Turkish Bath Culture Museum
Istanbul University, pioneering in education since 1933, and joined to the World's best 500 universities in 2011, the beautiful school which I studied and graduated. The cradle of the wisdom and the sweetest memories.
Professor Dr. Nurhan Atasoy, a granddaughter of a grand vizier. One of the World's most knowledgeable but most humble, the most successful, but the most sociable, art historians. She is a honorable lady who has got books, articles and works on over 120 subjects, and continue to provide.
Yes, the inspirational theme of this article is one of the most precious museum of Turkish Art History, resulting of the important work that Istanbul University and Prof. Dr. Nurhan Atasoy signed together; Bayezid II Turkish Bath Culture Museum.
Now we would like to take you on an important journey in the depths of history are you ready?
Shall we begin with the historical Beyazıt II Hammam or also known as Patrona Halil Bath which is the the host of museum?
Bayezid II Turkish Bath that taking attention with its flamboyant architecture, being large and consisting of double bath in 16th century hammams of Istanbul, has been taken by UNESCO to the World Heritage list, in 1985.
Property of Bath belonging to the Istanbul University. This Turkish bath is an important symbol of the Ottoman architecture and culture transferred from generation to generation.
Bayezid II Bath is also host to the reliefs of the Eastern Rome's Theodosius Forum, which situated in this area 1,600 years ago.
This water beauty is one of the oldest bath houses of Ottoman Capital. It was built as one of the annex buildings Beyazit II Mosque after the conquest of Istanbul. Beyazit II is the son of Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror.
This magnificent Turkish bath with a dazzling architectural structure was recorded to Ottoman History with a very important case. Patrona Halil, who served as tellak (attendant who massages and bathes the customers of a Turkish bath) in Beyazit II bath after being discharged from the janissary has designed the famous Patrona Halil rebellion on heated marble slab of this hammam. This revolt has caused to end the Tulip Era (1718-1730) which was debauchery period of the Ottoman Empire and the abdication of Sultan Ahmet. III. Essentially this building has witnessed many tragedy occurred during the Ottoman Period.
What about the first Turkish Bath Culture Museum concept, how did the idea developed, and how it was implemented?
II. Bayezid Turkish Bath Culture Museum restored in accordance with the function of the hammam's history and opened to the public on May 26, 2015.
The building that taking attention with it's beauty, located on the right side towards to Laleli from Beyazit which is a historic district of Istanbul. It has been worked up into Turkish Bath Culture Museum with the very important contributions of Istanbul University and Professor Dr. Nurhan Atasoy. It aimed with this project; to inform the visitors by showing the historical Turkish bath and antique bath accessories about the importance of water in everyday life of Ottoman society and how actualized the historical process of change and transformation.
Ethnographic works belonging to the Turkish bath tradition are presented to the visitors in the museum.
There are antique kildanlık (old perforated soap box made of copper, iron or silver), copper or silver Turkish bath bowls, the first examples of pestemal, Turkish bath bundles, Turkish bath gloves, and many hammam stuffs in the unique bath museum, which has been founded with donations with the efforts of Professor Dr. Nurhan Atasoy. Many of these ware were obtained from the collection of antiquarian donors.
This museum does not just operate axis of the hammam theme. It has got a dynamic museum originality, by allowing the opening of different exhibits in the exhibition centers of the museum, in addition to the bath section. In this context, two front domed dressing sections of hammam, have been turned into exhibition hall. The rear bathe places have been configured as museum.
It is a museum highly recommended for foreign guests visiting Istanbul.
Museum admission is free of charge.
Address: Derviş Mehmed Sokak, Vezneciler. At the side of Faculty of Literature (Edebiyat Fakültesi Yanı)
Phone Number: 90 (212) 440 00 00, Extension: 16120-16121
Museum closed on Mondays,
Other days; open from 09:30AM to 04:30PM.
Who is Bayezid II?
(December 3, 1447 - May 26, 1512). Son of the Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror. He is the eighth Ottoman Sultan. Beyazit II has increased the empire earth to 2.375 million km, during the 31 years that he remained on the throne.
A very well education provided to him by his father Mehmed the Conqueror. He was trained as a real Sultan. He studied with most important scholars of the period. He came to throne in 1481 and began to administer the empire. He had attached great importance to scholars and artists as well as the state government, during his Sultanate.
Italian Sailor Christopher Columbus, who discovered America, wanted to given some ships from Sultan Bayezid II in 1484, in order to find new countries for him. Sultan refused this requisition. Christopher Columbus's this request is still present in the Ottoman archives.
Also in 1502, the Italian artist and inventor Leonardo Da Vinci offered a project to the Sultan Bayezid II, for the establishment of a bridge over the Golden Horn. However, Da Vinci's extraordinary project was not accepted by Sultan. A similar bridge was built in Norway in 2001.
A lot of works bearing the seal of Sultan Bayezid II, who had a great interest in literature, currently taking place in Turkish and European libraries.